Weekly Personal Ozone Exposure and Respiratory Health in a Panel of Greek Schoolchildren

TitleWeekly Personal Ozone Exposure and Respiratory Health in a Panel of Greek Schoolchildren
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKarakatsani A., Samoli E., Rodopoulou S., Dimakopoulou K., Papakosta D., Spyratos D., Grivas G., Tasi S., Angelis N., Thirios A., Tsiotsios A., Katsouyanni K.
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume125
Pagination077016
Date PublishedJul 21
ISBN Number0091-6765
Accession Number28749779
Keywords*Environmental Exposure, Air Pollutants/*toxicity, Child, Environmental Monitoring, Female, Greece/epidemiology, Humans, Inflammation/chemically induced/*epidemiology, Male, Ozone/*toxicity, Respiratory Function Tests, Respiratory Tract Diseases/chemically induced/*epidemiology, Seasons
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The association of ozone exposure with respiratory outcomes has been investigated in epidemiologic studies mainly including asthmatic children. The findings reported had methodological gaps and inconsistencies. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate effects of personal ozone exposure on various respiratory outcomes in school-age children generally representative of the population during their normal activities. METHODS: We conducted a panel study in a representative sample of school-age children in the two major cities of Greece, Athens and Thessaloniki. We followed 188, 10- to 11-y-old, elementary school students for 5 wk spread throughout the 2013-2014 academic year, during which ozone was measured using personal samplers. At the end of each study week, spirometry was performed by trained physicians, and the fractional concentration of nitric oxide in exhaled air (FeNO) was measured. Students kept a daily time-activity-symptom diary and measured PEF (peak expiratory flow) using peak flow meters. Mixed models accounting for repeated measurements were applied. RESULTS: An increase of 10 mug/m(3) in weekly ozone concentration was associated with a decrease in FVC (forced vital capacity) and FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in 1 s) of 0.03 L [95% confidence interval (CI): -0.05, -0.01] and 0.01 L (95% CI: -0.03, 0.003) respectively. The same increase in exposure was associated with a 11.10% (95% CI: 4.23, 18.43) increase in FeNO and 19% (95% CI: -0.53, 42.75) increase in days with any symptom. The effect estimates were robust to PM10 adjustment. No inverse association was found between ozone exposure and PEF. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides evidence that airway inflammation and the frequency of respiratory symptoms increase, whereas lung function decreases with increased ozone exposure in schoolchildren. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP635.

Short TitleEnviron Health PerspectEnviron. Health Perspect.
Alternate JournalEnvironmental health perspectives