Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function: the prospective ECRHS study

TitleLeisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function: the prospective ECRHS study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsFuertes E., Carsin A.E, Anto J.M, Bono R., Corsico A.G, Demoly P., Gislason T., Gullon J.A, Janson C., Jarvis D., Heinrich J., Holm M., Leynaert B., Marcon A., Martinez-Moratalla J., Nowak D., S. Erquicia P, Probst-Hensch N.M, Raherison C., Raza W., F. Real G, Russell M., Sanchez-Ramos J.L, Weyler J., J. Aymerich G
JournalThorax
Volume73
Pagination376-384
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number0040-6376
Accession Number29306902
KeywordsADULTS, Circassia, Chiesi, Thermofisher Scientific and Menarini, and AGC reports grants, COHORT, forced expiratory volume in one second, forced vital capacity, from Chiesi Farmaceutici and from GlaxoSmithKline Italy, during the conduct of, Physical activity, Smoking, the study. Other authors declare no competing interests related to this work.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort. METHODS: FEV1 and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations=11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity >/=2 times and >/=1 hour per week) at each examination. Adjusted mixed linear regression models assessed associations of regular physical activity with FEV1 and FVC. RESULTS: Physical activity frequency and duration increased over the study period. In adjusted models, active individuals at the first examination had higher FEV1 (43.6 mL (95% CI 12.0 to 75.1)) and FVC (53.9 mL (95% CI 17.8 to 89.9)) at both examinations than their non-active counterparts. These associations appeared restricted to current smokers. In the whole population, FEV1 and FVC were higher among those who changed from inactive to active during the follow-up (38.0 mL (95% CI 15.8 to 60.3) and 54.2 mL (95% CI 25.1 to 83.3), respectively) and who were consistently active, compared with those consistently non-active. No associations were found for lung function decline. CONCLUSION: Leisure-time vigorous physical activity was associated with higher FEV1 and FVC over a 10-year period among current smokers, but not with FEV1 and FVC decline.

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