Epigenetic supersimilarity of monozygotic twin pairs

TitleEpigenetic supersimilarity of monozygotic twin pairs
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsVan Baak T.E, Coarfa C., Dugue P.A, Fiorito G., Laritsky E., Baker M.S, Kessler N.J, Dong J., Duryea J.D, Silver M.J, Saffari A., Prentice A.M, Moore S.E, Ghantous A., Routledge M.N, Gong Y.Y, Herceg Z., Vineis P., Severi G., Hopper J.L, Southey M.C, Giles G.G, Milne R.L, Waterland R.A
JournalGenome Biology
Volume19
Issue2
Pagination2
Date Published01/2018
ISBN Number1474-7596
Accession Number29310692
Keywords*Cancer, *Developmental programming, *Dizygotic, *DOHaD, *Epigenetics, *Metastable epialleles, *Monozygotic, *Twins
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Monozygotic twins have long been studied to estimate heritability and explore epigenetic influences on phenotypic variation. The phenotypic and epigenetic similarities of monozygotic twins have been assumed to be largely due to their genetic identity. RESULTS: Here, by analyzing data from a genome-scale study of DNA methylation in monozygotic and dizygotic twins, we identified genomic regions at which the epigenetic similarity of monozygotic twins is substantially greater than can be explained by their genetic identity. This "epigenetic supersimilarity" apparently results from locus-specific establishment of epigenotype prior to embryo cleavage during twinning. Epigenetically supersimilar loci exhibit systemic interindividual epigenetic variation and plasticity to periconceptional environment and are enriched in sub-telomeric regions. In case-control studies nested in a prospective cohort, blood DNA methylation at these loci years before diagnosis is associated with risk of developing several types of cancer. CONCLUSIONS: These results establish a link between early embryonic epigenetic development and adult disease. More broadly, epigenetic supersimilarity is a previously unrecognized phenomenon that may contribute to the phenotypic similarity of monozygotic twins.

Short TitleGenome BiolGenome Biol.
Alternate JournalGenome biology