DISC1 conditioned GWAS for psychosis proneness in a large Finnish birth cohort.

TitleDISC1 conditioned GWAS for psychosis proneness in a large Finnish birth cohort.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsTomppo L, Ekelund J, Lichtermann D, Veijola J, Järvelin M-R, Hennah W
JournalPLoS One
Date Published2012
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Cohort Studies, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Infant, Male, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Psychotic Disorders, Signal Transduction, Treatment Outcome

BACKGROUND: Genetic evidence implicates the DISC1 gene in the etiology of a number of mental illnesses. Previously, we have reported association between DISC1 and measures of psychosis proneness, the Revised Social Anhedonia Scale (RSAS) and Revised Physical Anhedonia Scale (RPAS), in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC66). As part of the studies of this Finnish birth cohort genome-wide association analysis has recently been performed.

METHODOLOGY: In the present study, we re-analyzed the genome-wide association data with regard to these two measures of psychosis proneness, conditioning on our previous DISC1 observation. From the original NFBC66 sample (N = 12 058), 4 561 individuals provided phenotype and genotype data. No markers were significant at the genome-wide level. However, several genes with biological relevance to mental illnesses were highlighted through loci displaying suggestive evidence for association (≥3 SNP with P<10E-4). These included the protein coding genes, CXCL3, KIAA1128, LCT, MED13L, TMCO7, TTN, and the micro RNA MIR620.

CONCLUSIONS: By conditioning a previous genome-wide association study on DISC1, we have been able to identify eight genes as associating to psychosis proneness. Further, these molecules predominantly link to the DISC1 pathway, strengthening the evidence for the role of this gene network in the etiology of mental illness. The use of quantitative measures of psychosis proneness in a large population cohort will make these findings, once verified; more generalized to a broad selection of disorders related to psychoses and psychosis proneness.

Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
PubMed ID22363459