Determinants of the proinflammatory action of ambient particulate matter in immortalized murine macrophages.

TitleDeterminants of the proinflammatory action of ambient particulate matter in immortalized murine macrophages.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsGuastadisegni C, Kelly FJ, Cassee FR, Gerlofs-Nijland ME, Janssen NAH, Pozzi R, Brunekreef B, Sandstrom T, Mudway I
JournalEnviron Health Perspect
Volume118
Issue12
Pagination1728-34
Date Published2010 Dec
ISSN1552-9924
KeywordsAir Pollutants, Animals, Arachidonic Acid, Cell Line, Cell Survival, Inflammation Mediators, Macrophages, Mice, Particle Size, Particulate Matter, Pentetic Acid, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Proximity to traffic-related pollution has been associated with poor respiratory health in adults and children.

OBJECTIVES: We wished to test the hypothesis that particulate matter (PM) from high-traffic sites would display an enhanced capacity to elicit inflammation.

METHODS: We examined the inflammatory potential of coarse [2.5-10 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(2.5-10))] and fine [0.1-2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(0.1-2.5))] PM collected from nine sites throughout Europe with contrasting traffic contributions. We incubated murine monocytic-macrophagic RAW264.7 cells with PM samples from these sites (20 or 60 µg/cm²) and quantified their capacity to stimulate the release of arachidonic acid (AA) or the production of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) as measures of their inflammatory potential. Responses were then related to PM composition: metals, hydrocarbons, anions/cations, and endotoxin content.

RESULTS: Inflammatory responses to ambient PM varied markedly on an equal mass basis, with PM(2.5-10) displaying the largest signals and contrasts among sites. Notably, we found no evidence of enhanced inflammatory potential at high-traffic sites and observed some of the largest responses at sites distant from traffic. Correlation analyses indicated that much of the sample-to-sample contrast in the proinflammatory response was related to the content of endotoxin and transition metals (especially iron and copper) in PM(2.5-10). Use of the metal chelator diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid inhibited AA release, whereas recombinant endotoxin-neutralizing protein partially inhibited TNFα production, demonstrating that different PM components triggered inflammatory responses through separate pathways.

CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that PM collected from sites in close proximity to traffic sources displayed enhanced proinflammatory activity in RAW264.7 cells.

DOI10.1289/ehp.1002105
Alternate JournalEnviron. Health Perspect.
PubMed ID20663738
PubMed Central IDPMC3002192
Grant ListG0801056 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
/ / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom