Comparative assessment of particulate air pollution exposure from municipal solid waste incinerator emissions.

TitleComparative assessment of particulate air pollution exposure from municipal solid waste incinerator emissions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsAshworth DC, Fuller GW, Toledano MB, Font A, Elliott P, Hansell AL, de Hoogh K
JournalJ Environ Public Health
Volume2013
Pagination560342
Date Published2013
ISSN1687-9813
KeywordsAir Pollutants, England, Environmental Exposure, Environmental Monitoring, Humans, Incineration, Models, Theoretical, Particulate Matter, Solid Waste, Wales, Weather
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Research to date on health effects associated with incineration has found limited evidence of health risks, but many previous studies have been constrained by poor exposure assessment. This paper provides a comparative assessment of atmospheric dispersion modelling and distance from source (a commonly used proxy for exposure) as exposure assessment methods for pollutants released from incinerators.METHODS: Distance from source and the atmospheric dispersion model ADMS-Urban were used to characterise ambient exposures to particulates from two municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs) in the UK. Additionally an exploration of the sensitivity of the dispersion model simulations to input parameters was performed.RESULTS: The model output indicated extremely low ground level concentrations of PM10, with maximum concentrations of <0.01 μ g/m(3). Proximity and modelled PM10 concentrations for both MSWIs at postcode level were highly correlated when using continuous measures (Spearman correlation coefficients ~ 0.7) but showed poor agreement for categorical measures (deciles or quintiles, Cohen's kappa coefficients ≤ 0.5).CONCLUSION: To provide the most appropriate estimate of ambient exposure from MSWIs, it is essential that incinerator characteristics, magnitude of emissions, and surrounding meteorological and topographical conditions are considered. Reducing exposure misclassification is particularly important in environmental epidemiology to aid detection of low-level risks.

DOI10.1155/2013/560342
Alternate JournalJ Environ Public Health
PubMed ID23935644
PubMed Central IDPMC3725787
Grant ListG0801056 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
/ / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom