Biofluid metabonomics using (1)H NMR spectroscopy: the road to biomarker discovery in gastroenterology and hepatology.

TitleBiofluid metabonomics using (1)H NMR spectroscopy: the road to biomarker discovery in gastroenterology and hepatology.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPatel NR, McPhail MJW, Shariff MIF, Keun HC, Taylor-Robinson SD
JournalExpert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol
Volume6
Issue2
Pagination239-51
Date Published2012 Apr
ISSN1747-4132
KeywordsAnimals, Biological Markers, Digestive System Diseases, Feces, Gastroenterology, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Metabolomics, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Reproducibility of Results
Abstract

Metabolic profiling or 'metabonomics' is an investigatory method that allows metabolic changes associated with the presence of an underlying pathological process to be investigated. Various biofluids can be utilized in the process but urine, serum and fecal extract are most pertinent to the investigation of gastrointestinal and hepatological disease. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-based metabonomic research has the potential to generate novel noninvasive diagnostic tests, based on biomarkers of disease, which are simple and cost effective yet retain high sensitivity and specificity characteristics. The process involves a number of key steps, including sample collection, data acquisition, chemometric techniques and, finally, validation. This technique-driven review aims to demystify the metabonomics pathway, while also illustrating the potential of this technique with recent examples of its application in hepato-gastroenterological disease.

DOI10.1586/egh.12.1
Alternate JournalExpert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol
PubMed ID22375528