Acting on non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income tropical countries.

TitleActing on non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income tropical countries.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsEzzati M, Pearson-Stuttard J, Bennett JE, Mathers CD
JournalNature
Volume559
Issue7715
Pagination507-516
Date Published2018 Jul
ISSN1476-4687
Abstract

The classical portrayal of poor health in tropical countries is one of infections and parasites, contrasting with wealthy Western countries, where unhealthy diet and behaviours cause non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart disease and cancer. Using international mortality data, we show that most NCDs cause more deaths at every age in low- and middle-income tropical countries than in high-income Western countries. Causes of NCDs in low- and middle-income countries include poor nutrition and living environment, infections, insufficient taxation and regulation of tobacco and alcohol, and under-resourced and inaccessible healthcare. We identify a comprehensive set of actions across health, social, economic and environmental sectors that could confront NCDs in low- and middle-income tropical countries and reduce global health inequalities.

DOI10.1038/s41586-018-0306-9
Alternate JournalNature
PubMed ID30046068